WMS Bands - Citing Sources
Bibliographies


revised 09/22/2002

General formatting

How to do a bibliography for:
a book
a section of a book like an essay or article from an encyclopedia
a periodical like a magazine or newspaper
electronic sources such as a CD rom or the Internet

A Sample Bibliography

 The Bibliography...

Whenever you use information from any source, you have to credit that information to the book, magazine, Internet site, person or whatever, where you found the information. This is called a citation.

Notice

  • The beginning of each citation in a bibliography sticks out and the rest of the citation is indented - this makes it easier to scan through a list to find a particular author's name (hanging indent format).
  • The first author is listed last name, first name. If there are two or more authors, only the first is listed this way; others are listed first name followed by last name. It is done this way to make it easier to alphabetize the list by the primary author's last name. (Tomb, Eric and Paul Rail.) Sometimes there isn't an author, just a publisher; in that case, list the person's name, put in a comma and the word "editor". (Rennert, Richard, editor.)
  • The title of the book or magazine is underlined.
  • The name of an article is in "quotations".
  • There is a colon (:) after the place of publication and a comma after the publisher's name (New York: Petrucci Books, Inc., 1995.) The three pieces of information about the publishing of the book go together as one section.
  • There is a period between each section of the citation.

The Purdue University Online Writing Lab says that print sources should be cited in the following ways:


A book

Author(s). Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Page number(s).

Example:
Osborne, Charles, editor. The Dictionary of Composers. New York: Taplinger Publishing
    Company, 1981. p 42-43.

 

A part of a book (such as an essay in a collection or an encyclopedia)

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Collection. Editor's Name(s), ed. Place of Publication:
   Publisher, Year. Pages.

Example:
Schmid, Ernst Fritz. "Mozart and Haydn." The Creative World of Mozart: Studies by Eminent
   Scholars in Mozart's Style, Technique, Life and Works. Paul Henry Lang, editor. New
   York: W.W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1963. pp 86-102.

If this were an article from an encyclopedia, you would add volume number after the title of the encyclopedia.


An article in a periodical (such as a newspaper or magazine)

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Source. Month / Day / Year. Volume & Number: pages.

Example:
Bowles, Richard W. "Where Have All the Marches Gone?" Bandworld. January-February
   1999 Vol. 14, Number 3: p 8.


What about citing electronic sources??

How do you do a bibliographic entry for a CD-ROM or an Internet site or information you got from a television program?? Check the Wayland Public School's Citing Electronic Sources site. (http://www.wayland.k12.ma.us/tech_connect/citations.html)

For a website you may use:
Author (if available) (last, first). "Title of Page". Address of Page (http://www.etc.).
   Date of creation or revision (if available).

Example:
Muffitt, Diane. "WMS Tidbit: Fall 1999". http://users.rcn.com/muffitt/tidbits/tidbits-99fall.htm.
   September 20, 1999.

SAMPLE BIBLIOGRAPHY

Here is an example of a complete bibliography with six different kinds of sources (including an interview). Notice how the combination of having the author's last name first, alphabetizing by author, and having the citation in hanging indent form, makes it easy to find a particular author's work.

Bowles, Richard W. "Where Have All the Marches Gone?" Bandworld. January-February
   1999, Vol. 14, Number 3: p 8.

Coker, Jerry. Listening to Jazz. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1978.
   p 19-42.

Muffitt, Diane. "WMS Tidbit: Fall 1999." http://users.rcn.com/muffitt/tidbits/tidbits-
   99fall.htm. September 20, 1999.

Oneschuk, Joseph and Diane Muffitt. Interview at Wayland Middle School, Wayland,
   Massachusetts. May 14, 2001.

Osborne, Charles, editor. The Dictionary of Composers. New York: Taplinger Publishing
   Company, 1981. p 42-43.

Schmid, Ernst Fritz. "Mozart and Haydn." The Creative World of Mozart: Studies by
   Eminent Scholars in Mozart's Style, Technique, Life and Works. Paul Henry Lang,
   editor. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1963. pp 86-102.

   

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